Dale Spender 1943
An Australian feminist writer, calls herself a “fierce feminist.” Her 1982 feminist classic, Women of Ideas and What Men Have Done to Them highlights key women who’ve published their ideas, often to ridicule and abuse. Her 2013 Mothers of the Novel continues her efforts to raise up women of history, and analyse why it is that we largely don’t know them(Jane Johnson).
Patricia Hill Collins 1948
A professor of Sociology in Maryland who was head of the African-American Studies Department at the University of Cincinnati, published Black Feminist Thought: Knowledge, Consciousness and the Politics of Empowerment. Her 1992 Race, Class and Gender, with Margaret Andersen, is a classic exploring intersectionality: the idea that different oppressions intersect, and therefore, for instance, black women experience sexism differently than white women do, and experience racism differently from the way black men do. Her 2004 Black Sexual Politics: African Americans, Gender, and the New Racism explores the relationship of heterosexism and racism(Jane Johnson).
Bell hooks 1952 (she does not use capitalization)
Black American writer and teacher, she writes about race, gender, class, and oppression. HerAin’t I a Woman: Black Women and Feminism was written in 1973; she finally found a publisher in 1981(Jane Johnson).
A journalist who wrote Backlash:The Undeclared War against Women, 1991, which argued that feminism and women’s rights were undermined by the media and corporations just as the previous wave of feminism lost ground to a previous version of backlash, convincing women that feminism and not inequality was the source of their frustration (Jane Johnson ).