In The Crucible by Arthur Miller

In The Crucible by Arthur Miller, the author’s central idea is that it is nobler to die with integrity than it is to compromise one’s principles in order in order to live. John Proctor having to choose between life or death and Rebecca Nurse being falsely accused played a role in their characterization in Salem in 1692. The author used the literary element of characterization to convey that it is nobler to die with integrity than it is to compromise one’s principles in order to live.
Characterization is defined as the development of a character based on his/her action and traits. The author used characterization to exhibit that it is nobler to die with integrity than it is to compromise one’s principles in order to live. John Proctor, realizing how important life was, confessed to witchcraft at first stating that he “wanted to live.” As a result, he knew that he would then be able to rectify his relationship with his wife and raise his children. On the other hand, he courageously reconsidered the confession and realized that he’d die with dignity and that his name would live on forever if he didn’t confess. Hence, why he ripped up the confession that he wrote. Rebecca Nurse was falsely accused of witchcraft out of envy by Mrs. Putnam because she had multiple children while Mrs. Putnam had only one that lived, all of which who were delivered by Rebecca Nurse. Throughout this play, the Putnams and Nurses always had friction. Rebecca Nurse could’ve confessed and lived, but realized her sacrosanctity and didn’t confess. Her not confessing ensured that she would die a martyr for her faith. Furthermore, it showed her virtuousness for dying for her faith.
The author, Arthur Miller, has efficiently used the literary element of characterization to develop the central idea that it is nobler to die with integrity than it is to compromise one’s principles in order to live.

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