In this essay I will be discussing the Canadian Senate. It’s history and its influence on public policy in Canada. I will discuss the Senate mandate and should the Senate should be amended or abolished? Before I can discuss the I will briefly explain the Parliament of Canada.
The Parliament of Canada is the federal legislature of Canada. It is comprised of three components: The Queen, the House of Commons and the Senate. Canada is a constitutional monarchy. This means that the laws governing Canada recognize the Queen as the formal Head of State. All federal laws are made in the Queen’s name. The Governor General is the Queen’s representative in Canada.
The House of Commons is the elected lower house of Parliament. The House of Commons has all the power compared to the upper house, the Senate. The House of Commons is where government legislation is introduced and where Member of Parliament meet to debate policy and hold the government to account. Although the approval of both upper and lower houses is required for legislation, the Senate very rarely rejects bills passed by the House of Commons.
The Senate came into existence in 1867, when Parliament of the United Kingdom passed the British North America Act of 1867. This united the Provinces of Canada. Canada’s first prime minister, Sir John A. MacDonald described the Senate as a body of “sober second thought” that would curb the “democratic excesses” of the elected House of Commons and provide regional representation. (The Canadian Senate in Focus, 2010). The Senate is the upper house of Parliament. Senators are not elected; Senators are appointed by the Governor General on the recommendation of the Prime Minister and hold office until age 75. To be appointed to