Malaysia is quickly developing towards being an industrial country. Many industries such as heavy and light industries, small and medium industries and backyard industries have been growing in the last ten years. The development in industrial and agricultural activities has created a new demand in housing, urbanization, transportation and medication as the population increase. So, it is very important to know the reason of pollution increasing in Malaysia and the solution to overcome the issues.
CAUSES OF ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION INCREASE IN MALAYSIA
Air pollution is one of the most dangerous forms of pollution. A biological, chemical, and physical alteration of the air happens when smoke, dust, and any dangerous gases enter into the atmosphere and make it problematic for all living beings to survive as the air becomes polluted. Burning of fossil fuels, agriculture related activities, mining operations, exhaust from industries and factories, and household cleaning products entail air pollution. People release a huge amount of chemical substances in the air every day. The effects of air pollution are distressing. It causes global warming, acid rains, respiratory and heart problems, and eutrophication. A lot of wildlife species are forced to change their living places in order to live.
Moreover, water pollution is able to lead our world on a path of destruction. Water is one of the greatest natural capital of the whole humanity. Nothing will be able to live without water. However, we do not appreciate this gift of nature and pollute it without thinking. The key causes of the water pollution are: industrial waste, mining activities, and waste water, accidental oil leakage, marine dumping, chemical pesticides and fertilizers, burning of fossil fuels, animal waste, urban development, global warming, radioactive waste, and leakage from sewer lines. There is less water available for drinking, cooking, irrigating crops, and washing.
Besides that, Exhaust from factories and industries also one of the main reason of environmental pollution in Malaysia. Manufacturing industries release huge amount of carbon monoxide, hydrocarbons, organic compounds, and chemicals into the air thus reducing the quality of air. Manufacturing industries can be found at every corner of the earth and most of the area has been affected by it. Petroleum refineries also release hydrocarbons and various other chemicals that pollute the air and also cause land pollution.
SOLUTION TO OVERCOME ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION IN MALAYSIA
Environmental pollution has negatively affected the life of both animals and human-beings. The only way to control this environmental issues is to implement conservation methods and create sustainable development strategies. We should find some effective resolutions in order to restore our ecological balance.
First of for most, we should make sustainable transportation choices. We should take advantage of public transportation, walk or ride bikes whenever possible, consolidate our trips, and consider purchasing an electric car. It is very important to make justifiable food choices. Choose local food whenever possible; buy organically grown vegetables and fruits or grow your own.
People should conserve energy. Turn off electronics and lights when you are not in the room. Consider what small changes can lead to big energy savings. Use energy efficient devices. It is also essential to understand the concept of reduce, Reuse and Recycle. Try to buy used items whenever possible. Choose products with minimal packaging. Buy reusable items. Remember that almost everything that you purchase can be recycled.
Environmental pollution is one of the biggest problems caused by human activities that we should overcome to see a tomorrow and guarantee our future generation’s healthy life. There are many environmental concerns for communities around the world to address. We should always remember that pollution problems affect us all so each of us has to do his or her best to help restore ecological balance to this beautiful place we call home. The masses should be educated on the danger of different types of pollution. People should know everything about all penalties of the environmental pollution in order to prevent the worst from happening. Let`s protect the water we drink, the air we breathe, and the soil we use to grow our food.