The first tourists were wealthy Greeks and Romans, they travelled for leisure purposes, they would go to their summer homes in cities like Pompeii and Baiae. In the 16th century it became fashionable for young aristocrats and wealthy upper class men to travel to important european countries to increase their knowledge and to enlighten them. In the 19th century travel became cheaper and easier to access, and women started to travel for educational purposes. Finally the Industrial Revolution brought leisure travel to Europe.
In 1830 the revolution of traveling became more serious. The first ever rail link between Liverpool and Manchester in the same year can be regarded as the landmark in the history of mechanized transport. The in 1841 Thomas Cook started his began his international travel company. This inspired Henry Lunn in 1883 to develop the concept of “adventure tourism”. The traveling business expanded with the development of steam engine in trains and ships and ships in the 18th century (KULLABS, 2015). Unfortunately the traveling industry did not concern much with issues like customer safety and security in their destination.In 1950 people became interested in traveling. It became very fashionable because of the development of the commercial transoceanic flights (Smith, 2004). The most popular form of transportation is car, 77% of all travel is in a car, it is an independent and cheaper of traveling. But air travel is the most efficient way of transportation, 40% of tourists use international air travel. Cruise is not a very efficient form of travel, the annual growth rate has gone up 7% since 1950
(Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, 2017).
The tourism industry gained a higher profile in developed countries due to changes in consumer and travel behavior at the beginning of this century (The case of Malaga, 2017)
More Leisure Time:
In 1965, the average man spent 61 hours per week and the average women spend 54 hours per week in market and nonmarket work. Between 1965 and 2003, based on on demographics, males and females decreased their total work hours by 7.9 and 7.7 hours per week
The Industrial Revolution brought leisure travel to Europe. The new middle class now had the time to travel thanks to industrialized production with efficient and faster machinery. The larger the Industrial Revolution grew, people started forming new libraries, schools, and universities because there was a sudden need and interest for education (it was also affected by the increase in population). The middle and upper classes had better food and housing, which led to the middle class living longer. As a result the population grew and the middle class lived well throughout the Industrial Revolution. Since the 1970s where tourism became increasingly affordable