Is Ventriculomegaly A Disability?

Can mild Ventriculomegaly go away?

If your child has mildly enlarged brain ventricles or ventriculomegaly without other complications, the condition may resolve on its own.

When hydrocephalus is more severe or progresses, timely treatment is important..

What is the normal size of brain ventricles in fetus?

In a normal fetal brain, the ventricles are less than 10 mm wide. When the ventricles are between 10-mm and 15-mm wide, the baby is diagnosed with mild ventriculomegaly. If the ventricles are more than 15 mm wide, the enlargement is considered severe.

What is a dilated ventricle in the brain?

Ventriculomegaly is a brain condition that mainly occurs in the fetus when the lateral ventricles become dilated. The most common definition uses a width of the atrium of the lateral ventricle of greater than 10 mm.

What is the normal size of lateral ventricles?

Previously established cut-off values of fetal cerebral lateral ventricles (FCLVs) dimensions are: normal (< 10 mm), mild/borderline VM (10–12 mm), moderate VM (13–15 mm), and severe VM (> 15 mm).

Is Mild Ventriculomegaly normal?

The chance that mild ventriculomegaly represents a normal variant decreases with increasing degrees of dilation. Mild ventriculomegaly is likely to represent a normal variant if no other structural abnormalities are noted and if aneuploidy screening or diagnostic genetic testing results are normal.

What is the difference between hydrocephalus and Ventriculomegaly?

Ventriculomegaly is the term for enlarged brain ventricles, while hydrocephalus is the combination of ventriculomegaly and pressure on the brain.

Can enlarged ventricles cause headaches?

Hydrocephalus that develops in children or adults (acquired hydrocephalus) can cause headaches. The headache may be worse when you wake up in the morning. This is because the fluid in your brain does not drain as well while you’re lying down and may have built up overnight.

What is the best treatment for hydrocephalus?

The most common treatment for hydrocephalus is the surgical insertion of a drainage system, called a shunt. It consists of a long, flexible tube with a valve that keeps fluid from the brain flowing in the right direction and at the proper rate. One end of the tubing is usually placed in one of the brain’s ventricles.

What could be the cause of Ventriculomegaly?

Ventriculomegaly is a condition in which the ventricles appear larger than normal on a prenatal ultrasound. This can occur when CSF becomes trapped in the spaces, causing them to grow larger. Ventricles develop early in pregnancy and can be seen on a prenatal ultrasound in the second trimester, at about the 15th week.

How common is mild Ventriculomegaly?

About 1 in every 500 babies will have mild ventriculomegaly. In most cases, babies with this ultrasound finding are born healthy.

Is there fluid in the brain?

Cerebrospinal fluid is produced by tissues lining the ventricles of the brain. It flows through the ventricles by way of interconnecting channels. The fluid eventually flows into spaces around the brain and spinal column.

Does Ventriculomegaly resolve?

Ventriculomegaly will significantly worsen in approximately 2-5% of cases. In many fetuses, particularly those with borderline ventriculomegaly, the condition will resolve spontaneously resulting in a normal outcome. The major factor that influences prognosis is the presence of associated abnormalities.

Can enlarged brain ventricles be normal?

The brain may shrink in older patients or those with Alzheimer’s disease, and CSF volume increases to fill the extra space. In these instances, the ventricles are enlarged, but the pressure usually is normal.

What is borderline Ventriculomegaly?

5 Borderline ventriculomegaly is defined as an atrial width of 10–15 mm at 15−40 weeks of gestation. Although fetal cerebral ventriculomegaly can be diagnosed relatively easily and accurately using ultrasonography, determi- nation of fetal outcomes is more complicated, and this affects the counseling of mothers.

What is the life expectancy of someone with hydrocephalus?

What is the life expectancy of a child who has hydrocephalus? Children often have a full life span if hydrocephalus is caught early and treated. Infants who undergo surgical treatment to reduce the excess fluid in the brain and survive to age 1 will not have a shortened life expectancy due to hydrocephalus.