Question: How Is Titration Used In The Waste Oil Industry?

How do you determine the acidity of oil?

The value is also expressed as per cent of free fatty acids calculated as oleic acid, lauric, ricinoleic and palmitic acids.

11.2 Principle: The acid value is determined by directly titrating the oil/fat in an alcoholic medium against standard potassium hydroxide/sodium hydroxide solution..

What is FFA in milk?

ABSTRACT: The concentration (c) of free fatty acids (FFAs) in milk is an indicator of dairy cow nutrition, milk straining, its bacterial contamination and storage quality. High FFA concentrations (cs) caused by lipolysis can damage the quality properties of milk products.

How does coconut oil reduce FFA?

The initial FFA content reduced when the respective oils were heated to 100°C or 150 °C. This indicates that heat treatment can improve the quality of coconut oil.

What is used to make biodiesel?

Biodiesel is produced through transesterification Approximately 100 pounds of oil or fat are reacted with 10 pounds of a short-chain alcohol (usually methanol) in the presence of a catalyst (usually sodium hydroxide or potassium hydroxide) to form 100 pounds of biodiesel and 10 pounds of glycerin (or glycerol).

What is the difference between acidity and pH?

Relationship Between pH and Acidity pH is the quantitative measurement of acidity. Since acidity is the amount of hydronium ions present in a solution, pH is the logarithmic value of inverse of acidity. Higher the pH value is, lower the acidity of a system. Lower the pH value, higher the Acidity of a system.

How do you reduce the acidity of oil?

A method for reducing the acid value of biodiesel oil is characterized in that: rectification of crude fatty acid methyl ester or fatty acid ethyl ester is carried out; a deacidification agent occupying 0.02 to 4 percent of the total weight of fine fatty acid methyl ester or fatty acid ethyl ester is added after the …

What is FFA oil?

Free fatty acids (FFA) are produced by the hydrolysis of oils and fats. … Since FFA are less stable than neutral oil, they are more prone to oxidation and to turning rancid. Thus, FFA is a key feature linked with the quality and commercial value of oils and fats.

What is FFA value?

The acid value is defined as the amount of free fatty acid present in the oil requiring a computed mass of potassium hydroxide to neutralize it. This value is used to determine the amount of base catalyst to neutralize the acidity of a gram of raw material (Luque and Melero, 2012).

How do you determine acid value?

The acid value of an oil is determined by titrating a solution of the oil in diethyl ether with an alcoholic solution of sodium or potassium hydroxide. It is expressed as the amount of KOH (in mg) to neutralize 1 g of oil.

What causes high free fatty acids?

CIRCULATING FREE FATTY acids (FFAs) mainly originate from lipolysis in the adipose tissue; they contribute to insulin resistance and are elevated in obesity and type 2 diabetes (1–4).

How do you titrate oil?

How to titrate vegetable oils before making biodiesel Using a graduated 1mL syringe measure 1mL of used vegetable oil into a clean container. With a 10mL syringe measure 10mL of Isopropanol and add to the 1mL of oil. … Carefully swirl the flask until the oil has fully dissolved. Now add 3 drops of 1% Phenolpthalein solution.More items…

How is FFA measured in oil?

The calculation of % FFA depends on the type of titrated sample and the fatty acid to which the result is to be calculated. The result is calculated as mg(KOH) / g or as %fatty acid (mainly as %oleic acid with Moleic acid = 282,47 g/mol).

Where is titration used in the real world?

Titration is an analytical technique that is widely used in the food industry. It allows food manufacturers to determine the quantity of a reactant in a sample. For example, it can be used to discover the amount of salt or sugar in a product or the concentration of vitamin C or E, which has an effect on product colour.

What is the difference between saponification value and acid value?

Acid value refers to the amount of “free” fatty acids in the oil/fat. Saponification value refers to the amount of esters that can be hydrolysed and turned into soap.

What is the significance of free fatty acid in oil analysis?

In terms of oil quality, the free fatty acid value of oil is an important qualitative parameter. Since fats and oils contain some level of free fatty acid, FFA, there will always be an increase in acidity with time during transport and storage (Chong, 2000; Syam, et al., 2009).