Question: What Are 3 Non-Communicable Diseases?

What are the five non-communicable diseases?

A non-communicable disease (NCD) is a disease that is not transmissible directly from one person to another.

NCDs include Parkinson’s disease, autoimmune diseases, strokes, most heart diseases, most cancers, diabetes, chronic kidney disease, osteoarthritis, osteoporosis, Alzheimer’s disease, cataracts, and others..

What are the non communicable diseases?

Noncommunicable diseases – a group of conditions that includes cardiovascular diseases, cancer, mental health problems, diabetes mellitus, chronic respiratory disease and musculoskeletal conditions – cause 86% of deaths and 77% of the disease burden in the WHO European Region.

How do you prevent NCDs?

Promoting healthy diet, physical activity, reduced alcohol use and tobacco use cessation are simple and cost effective measures to reduce premature death and disability from NCDs.

What are the symptoms of non communicable diseases?

A chronic disease caused by pain, inflammation, swelling, and stiffness of joints.Most serious of the most common forms.Joints become deformed and often no longer function normally.Joints affected: hands, feet, elbows, shoulders, neck, knees, hips, and ankles.It is usually symmetrical in the body: both hands will hurt.More items…

How many non communicable diseases are there?

The four main types of noncommunicable diseases include cardiovascular disease, cancer, chronic respiratory disease, and diabetes.

What are 3 communicable diseases?

Some examples of the communicable disease include HIV, hepatitis A, B and C, measles, salmonella, measles, and blood-borne illnesses. Most common forms of spread include fecal-oral, food, sexual intercourse, insect bites, contact with contaminated fomites, droplets, or skin contact.

What are the causes of non communicable diseases?

Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) are usually caused by genetic or lifestyle factors. Four types of NCDs – cardiovascular diseases, cancers, diabetes and chronic respiratory diseases – account for almost two-thirds of all deaths globally, with 80 per cent of these occurring in low- and middle-income countries.

Is depression a noncommunicable disease?

Chronic NCDs that are frequently linked with depression include cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, cancer and chronic respiratory diseases (10–12). This co-morbidity has become a major concern worldwide, and optimal management of the problem is increasingly a topic of interest.

What is a non-infectious disease next Give 5 examples?

A disease that is not contagious is called a noninfectious disease. These diseases are not caused by pathogens. Instead, they are likely to have causes such as lifestyle factors, environmental toxins, or gene mutations. Common types of noninfectious diseases include cancer, diabetes, and immune system diseases.

What are non-infectious diseases Class 9?

Non-infectious Diseases: The disease which does not spread by contact between infected and healthy person through air and water, is called non-infectious disease. For example: Cancer, genetic abnormalities, high blood pressure, etc.

What are the 4 main types of non-communicable diseases?

Noncommunicable – or chronic – diseases are diseases of long duration and generally slow progression. The four main types of noncommunicable diseases are cardiovascular diseases (like heart attacks and stroke), cancer, chronic respiratory diseases (such as chronic obstructed pulmonary disease and asthma) and diabetes.

What is the most common non contagious disease?

Cardiovascular diseases account for most NCD deaths, or 17.9 million people annually, followed by cancers (9.0 million), respiratory diseases (3.9million), and diabetes (1.6 million). These 4 groups of diseases account for over 80% of all premature NCD deaths.

What are the main non-communicable diseases?

Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), including heart disease, stroke, cancer, diabetes and chronic lung disease, are collectively responsible for almost 70% of all deaths worldwide.

What are some examples of non infectious diseases?

Examples of noninfectious diseases include cystic fibrosis, most cancers, cardiovascular diseases such as coronary artery disease, and diabetes mellitus.