Question: What Are The 2 Main Types Of Disease?

What are the 3 classifications of disease?

The most widely used classifications of disease are (1) topographic, by bodily region or system, (2) anatomic, by organ or tissue, (3) physiological, by function or effect, (4) pathological, by the nature of the disease process, (5) etiologic (causal), (6) juristic, by speed of advent of death, (7) epidemiological, and ….

What’s the worst disease in history?

7 Deadliest Diseases in History: Where are they now?The Black Death: Bubonic Plague. … The Speckled Monster: Smallpox. … Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) … Avian Influenza: Not Just One For The Birds. … Ebola: On The Radar Again. … Leprosy: A Feared Disease That Features In The Old Testament. … Polio: The Most Dreaded Childhood Disease Of The 1940-50s.Jun 8, 2020

Which disease is caused by protozoa?

Diseases caused by protozoa and helminths, such as malaria and schistosomiasis, are the cause of most parasite related morbidity and mortality, with an estimated 1.1 million combined deaths annually.

What is the most common type of disease?

The 5 Most Common Infectious DiseasesHepatitis B. According to current statistics, hepatitis B is the most common infectious disease in the world, affecting some 2 billion people — that’s more than one-quarter of the world’s population. … Malaria. … Hepatitis C. … Dengue. … Tuberculosis.Dec 29, 2013

What are the 7 diseases?

In the following pages, we present seven infections from the past that still plague us today.Pneumonic/Bubonic Plague. … Spanish and Swine Flu — H1N1. … Polio. … Chagas Disease. … Leprosy. … Hookworm. … Tuberculosis.Aug 13, 2009

What are the 5 most common infectious diseases?

Common Infectious DiseasesChickenpox.Common cold.Diphtheria.E. coli.Giardiasis.HIV/AIDS.Infectious mononucleosis.Influenza (flu)More items…

What are the top 3 communicable diseases?

List of Communicable Diseases2019-nCoV.CRE.Ebola.Enterovirus D68.Flu.Hantavirus.Hepatitis A.Hepatitis B.More items…

What are the two main types of disease?

Diseases can be grouped into two types:communicable , which are caused by pathogens and can be transferred from one person to another, or from one organism to another – in humans these include measles, food poisoning and malaria.non-communicable , which are not transferred between people or other organisms.

What is the leading infectious disease in the world?

Tuberculosis. TB is arguably the world’s leading cause of death from an infectious agent. The WHO estimates that 10.4 million new cases and 1.5 million deaths occur from TB each year (WHO 2016a). One-third of TB cases remain unknown to the health care system.

What are the 4 types of diseases?

Death due to disease is called death by natural causes. There are four main types of disease: infectious diseases, deficiency diseases, hereditary diseases (including both genetic diseases and non-genetic hereditary diseases), and physiological diseases.

Which disease is caused by virus?

Viruses cause familiar infectious diseases such as the common cold, flu and warts. They also cause severe illnesses such as HIV/AIDS, Ebola, and COVID-19.

What diseases are viruses?

What are viral diseases?Chickenpox.Flu (influenza)Herpes.Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV/AIDS)Human papillomavirus (HPV)Infectious mononucleosis.Mumps, measles and rubella.Shingles.More items…

What are 2 main causes of disease?

Infectious diseases can be caused by:Bacteria. These one-cell organisms are responsible for illnesses such as strep throat, urinary tract infections and tuberculosis.Viruses. Even smaller than bacteria, viruses cause a multitude of diseases ranging from the common cold to AIDS.Fungi. … Parasites.Jul 17, 2019

What are the major diseases?

The Top 10 Deadliest DiseasesCAD.Stroke.Respiratory illness.COPD.Cancers.Diabetes.Alzheimer’s disease.Diarrhea.More items…

Which disease has no cure?

cancer. dementia, including Alzheimer’s disease. advanced lung, heart, kidney and liver disease. stroke and other neurological diseases, including motor neurone disease and multiple sclerosis.

How many did Leprosy kill?

In the 20 years from 1994 to 2014, 16 million people worldwide were cured of leprosy. About 200 cases per year are reported in the United States. Leprosy has affected humanity for thousands of years….LeprosyMedicationRifampicin, dapsone, clofazimineFrequency209,000 (2018)9 more rows

What diseases can be cured?

5 Diseases That May Be Cured Within Our LifetimeHIV/AIDS. The Human Immunodeficiency Virus, or HIV, was only discovered mere decades ago. … Alzheimer’s Disease. Alzheimer’s affects nearly 5.7 million Americans who struggle with varying stages of dementia. … Cancer. Cancer refers to the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells in the body. … Cystic Fibrosis. … Heart Disease.Feb 25, 2019

What are the 10 most common diseases?

Heart disease. Share on Pinterest Many of the top 10 causes of death are preventable through lifestyle changes and regular checkups. … Cancer. Deaths in 2017: 599,108. … Unintentional injuries. … Chronic lower respiratory disease. … Stroke and cerebrovascular diseases. … Alzheimer’s disease. … Diabetes. … Influenza and pneumonia.More items…