Question: What Are The 3 Main Ways Infection Can Get Into The Body?

Who is at risk for infection?

Very young people – premature babies and very sick children.

Very old people – the frail and the elderly.

People with certain medical conditions – such as diabetes.

People with weakened immune systems – from disease, or because they are getting trreatments that weaken their immune system..

What are the 6 modes of transmission?

The modes (means) of transmission are: Contact (direct and/or indirect), Droplet, Airborne, Vector and Common Vehicle.

How do you know your body is fighting an infection?

However, some general symptoms of a bacterial infection include: fever. feeling tired or fatigued. swollen lymph nodes in the neck, armpits, or groin.

What are examples of body fluids?

Biological fluids include blood, urine, semen (seminal fluid), vaginal secretions, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), synovial fluid, pleural fluid (pleural lavage), pericardial fluid, peritoneal fluid, amniotic fluid, saliva, nasal fluid, otic fluid, gastric fluid, breast milk, as well as cell culture supernatants.

What are the 3 main routes of infection?

The transmission of microorganisms can be divided into the following five main routes: direct contact, fomites, aerosol (airborne), oral (ingestion), and vectorborne. Some microorganisms can be transmitted by more than one route.

What are the 3 types of infections?

Treatment will depend on the cause of the infection. This article will focus on the most common and deadly types of infection: bacterial, viral, fungal, and prion.

What are the five signs of an infection?

Know the Signs and Symptoms of InfectionFever (this is sometimes the only sign of an infection).Chills and sweats.Change in cough or a new cough.Sore throat or new mouth sore.Shortness of breath.Nasal congestion.Stiff neck.Burning or pain with urination.More items…

What diseases are spread through urine?

Botulism • Campylobacter infection • Cholera • Cryptosporidium infection • Haemolytic uraemic syndrome • Listeria infection • Salmonella infection • Shigella infection • Typhoid/Paratyphoid • Yersinia infection. Some infections are spread when urine is transferred from soiled hands or objects to the mouth.

How does bacteria make us feel ill?

But infectious bacteria can make you ill. They reproduce quickly in your body. Many give off chemicals called toxins, which can damage tissue and make you sick. Examples of bacteria that cause infections include Streptococcus, Staphylococcus, and E.

Can a bacteria be cured?

Many human illnesses are caused by infection with either bacteria or viruses. Most bacterial diseases can be treated with antibiotics, although antibiotic-resistant strains are starting to emerge. Viruses pose a challenge to the body’s immune system because they hide inside cells.

What are the 4 main routes for infection to enter the body?

Microorganisms capable of causing disease—pathogens—usually enter our bodies through the mouth, eyes, nose, or urogenital openings, or through wounds or bites that breach the skin barrier. Organisms can spread—or be transmitted—by several routes.

How do you kill bacteria in your body?

Antibiotics are used to kill or inhibit bacteria growth. Although you might think of antibiotics as modern medicine, they’ve actually been around for centuries. The original antibiotics, like a lot of today’s antibiotics, are derived from natural sources.

What are 3 fluids that are essential to life?

Common Bodily Fluids – What Makes the List?Blood. Blood plays a major role in the body’s defense against infection by carrying waste away from our cells and flushing them out of the body in urine, feces, and sweat. … Saliva. … Semen. … Vaginal fluids. … Mucus. … Urine.

What are the five basic principles for infection control?

These include standard precautions (hand hygiene, PPE, injection safety, environmental cleaning, and respiratory hygiene/cough etiquette) and transmission-based precautions (contact, droplet, and airborne).

What is the most effective way of preventing cross infection?

Having clean hands is the most effective way of preventing infection from spreading.

What can I do to avoid the spread of germs answers?

Keep the germs away:Wash your hands before eating, or touching your eyes, nose or mouth.Wash your hands after touching anyone who is sneezing, coughing or blowing their nose.Don’t share things like towels, lipstick, toys, or anything else that might be contaminated with respiratory germs.More items…

What are 3 ways in which diseases can be transmitted?

Infectious diseases can spread in a variety of ways: through the air, from direct or indirect contact with another person, soiled objects, skin or mucous membrane, saliva, urine, blood and body secretions, through sexual contact, and through contaminated food and water.

How can an infection get into the body?

Some infections are spread directly when skin or mucous membrane (the thin lining of parts of the body such as nose, mouth, genitals) comes into contact with the skin or mucous membrane of an infected person. Infections may be spread indirectly when the skin comes in contact with a contaminated object.

What diseases are carried in body fluids?

Examples of diseases spread through blood or other body fluids:hepatitis B – blood, saliva, semen and vaginal fluids.hepatitis C – blood.human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection – blood, semen and vaginal fluids, breastmilk.cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection – saliva, semen and vaginal fluids, urine, etc.More items…