- What are the five basic principles for infection control?
- What are common sources of infection?
- What are the 5 pathogens?
- Where do viruses enter the body?
- How does bacteria make us feel ill?
- What is the incubation stage of infection?
- What are the 3 stages of sepsis?
- What diseases are carried in body fluids?
- What are the 4 ways infections can be transmitted?
- What are the different methods of infection?
- What is the main route to spread infection?
- What is the most common portal of entry?
- What are the 3 main ways infection can get into the body?
- How can an infection get into the body?
- What are the 5 modes of disease transmission?
- What is the last stage of infection?
- What portal means?
- What are examples of portal of exit?
- What are the sites of entry of an infection?
- What are the 4 main routes for infection to enter the body?
- What are stages of infection?
What are the five basic principles for infection control?
These include standard precautions (hand hygiene, PPE, injection safety, environmental cleaning, and respiratory hygiene/cough etiquette) and transmission-based precautions (contact, droplet, and airborne)..
What are common sources of infection?
Common sources of infection Sources, e.g. airborne, blood borne, sexually transmitted, fecal, oral, environment, stagnant water, warm-water systems, animals.
What are the 5 pathogens?
Pathogenic organisms are of five main types: viruses, bacteria, fungi, protozoa, and worms. Some common pathogens in each group are listed in the column on the right.
Where do viruses enter the body?
In humans, viruses that cause disease like cold and flu are spread through bodily fluids, like spit or snot. The virus is so small that it leaves our bodies in these fluids, and can even float through the air in droplets from a sneeze or cough. The virus can enter the body through the eyes, nose, or mouth.
How does bacteria make us feel ill?
But infectious bacteria can make you ill. They reproduce quickly in your body. Many give off chemicals called toxins, which can damage tissue and make you sick. Examples of bacteria that cause infections include Streptococcus, Staphylococcus, and E.
What is the incubation stage of infection?
Incubation period: In medicine, the time from the moment of exposure to an infectious agent until signs and symptoms of the disease appear. For example, the incubation period of chickenpox is 14-16 days. In biology, the incubation period is the time needed for any particular process of development to take place.
What are the 3 stages of sepsis?
There are three stages of sepsis: sepsis, severe sepsis, and septic shock.
What diseases are carried in body fluids?
Examples of diseases spread through blood or other body fluids:hepatitis B – blood, saliva, semen and vaginal fluids.hepatitis C – blood.human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection – blood, semen and vaginal fluids, breastmilk.cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection – saliva, semen and vaginal fluids, urine, etc.More items…
What are the 4 ways infections can be transmitted?
Infectious diseases can spread in a variety of ways: through the air, from direct or indirect contact with another person, soiled objects, skin or mucous membrane, saliva, urine, blood and body secretions, through sexual contact, and through contaminated food and water.
What are the different methods of infection?
They can spread in several different ways, including through:skin contact.the transfer of bodily fluids.contact with feces.ingesting contaminated food or water.inhaling airborne particles or droplets.touching an object that a person carrying the pathogen has also touched.
What is the main route to spread infection?
The transmission of microorganisms can be divided into the following five main routes: direct contact, fomites, aerosol (airborne), oral (ingestion), and vectorborne. Some microorganisms can be transmitted by more than one route.
What is the most common portal of entry?
Mucosal surfaces are the most important portals of entry for microbes; these include the mucous membranes of the respiratory tract, the gastrointestinal tract, and the genitourinary tract.
What are the 3 main ways infection can get into the body?
This is the way that the pathogen enters the body of the potential host. Pathogens can enter the body by coming into contact with broken skin, being breathed in or eaten, coming into contact with the eyes, nose and mouth or, for example when needles or catheters are inserted.
How can an infection get into the body?
Some infections are spread directly when skin or mucous membrane (the thin lining of parts of the body such as nose, mouth, genitals) comes into contact with the skin or mucous membrane of an infected person. Infections may be spread indirectly when the skin comes in contact with a contaminated object.
What are the 5 modes of disease transmission?
Modes of transmissionDirect. Direct contact. Droplet spread.Indirect. Airborne. Vehicleborne. Vectorborne (mechanical or biologic)
What is the last stage of infection?
Convalescence. The final stage of infection is known as convalescence. During this stage, symptoms resolve, and a person can return to their normal functions. Depending on the severity of the infection, some people may have permanent damage even after the infection resolves.
What portal means?
(Entry 1 of 3) 1 : door, entrance especially : a grand or imposing one. 2 : the whole architectural composition surrounding and including the doorways and porches of a church. 3 : the approach or entrance to a bridge or tunnel.
What are examples of portal of exit?
A portal of exit is the site from where micro-organisms leave the host to enter another host and cause disease/infection. For example, a micro-organism may leave the reservoir through the nose or mouth when someone sneezes or coughs, or in faeces.
What are the sites of entry of an infection?
Microorganisms capable of causing disease—or pathogens—usually enter our bodies through the eyes, mouth, nose, or urogenital openings, or through wounds or bites that breach the skin barrier. Organisms can spread, or be transmitted, by several routes.
What are the 4 main routes for infection to enter the body?
Microorganisms capable of causing disease—pathogens—usually enter our bodies through the mouth, eyes, nose, or urogenital openings, or through wounds or bites that breach the skin barrier. Organisms can spread—or be transmitted—by several routes.
What are stages of infection?
The five periods of disease (sometimes referred to as stages or phases) include the incubation, prodromal, illness, decline, and convalescence periods (Figure 2). The incubation period occurs in an acute disease after the initial entry of the pathogen into the host (patient).