Quick Answer: How Are Infectious Diseases Classified?

What is the WHO classification?

The WHO Family of International Classifications (FIC) is a set of integrated classifications that provide a common language for health information across the world.

These include: Reference classifications.

Reference classifications are approved for international reporting and cover the main parameters of health..

What are the 2 types of germs?

There are two main types of germs which can cause disease in humans and animals. These are bacteria and viruses.

How do viruses enter the human body?

In humans, viruses that cause disease like cold and flu are spread through bodily fluids, like spit or snot. The virus is so small that it leaves our bodies in these fluids, and can even float through the air in droplets from a sneeze or cough. The virus can enter the body through the eyes, nose, or mouth.

What are the 3 classifications of disease?

The most widely used classifications of disease are (1) topographic, by bodily region or system, (2) anatomic, by organ or tissue, (3) physiological, by function or effect, (4) pathological, by the nature of the disease process, (5) etiologic (causal), (6) juristic, by speed of advent of death, (7) epidemiological, and …

What are 5 common types of infectious diseases?

Common Infectious DiseasesChickenpox.Common cold.Diphtheria.E. coli.Giardiasis.HIV/AIDS.Infectious mononucleosis.Influenza (flu)More items…

What is a Class B infectious disease?

Class B (infectious diseases that require strict control and prevention measures) includes 26 diseases, which feature relatively strong infectivity, e.g., acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), measles, and malaria.

What are the 7 killer diseases?

7 Deadliest Diseases in History: Where are they now?The Black Death: Bubonic Plague. … The Speckled Monster: Smallpox. … Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) … Avian Influenza: Not Just One For The Birds. … Ebola: On The Radar Again. … Leprosy: A Feared Disease That Features In The Old Testament. … Polio: The Most Dreaded Childhood Disease Of The 1940-50s.Jun 8, 2020

What are Infectious Diseases examples?

Infectious diseases are diseases caused by living organisms like viruses and bacteria. They can be passed from person to person through body secretions, insects or other means. Examples are SARS, influenza, the common cold, tuberculosis (TB), Hepatitis A and B.

What are the top 5 common viral infections?

What are viral diseases?Chickenpox.Flu (influenza)Herpes.Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV/AIDS)Human papillomavirus (HPV)Infectious mononucleosis.Mumps, measles and rubella.Shingles.More items…

What are 3 non infectious diseases?

The four main types of noncommunicable diseases include cardiovascular disease, cancer, chronic respiratory disease, and diabetes.

What are the four types of infection?

This article will focus on the most common and deadly types of infection: bacterial, viral, fungal, and prion.

What are the four classifications of infections and diseases?

There are different types of pathogens, but we’re going to focus on the four most common types: viruses, bacteria, fungi, and parasites.

What are the four major types of germs?

The four major types of germs are bacteria, viruses, fungi, and protozoa. They can invade plants, animals, and people, and sometimes they can make us sick. Bacteria (say: BAK-teer-ee-uh) are tiny, one-celled creatures that get nutrients from their environments in order to live.

What is the leading infectious disease?

Viral hepatitis, influenza, and tuberculosis (TB) remain among the leading causes of illness and death in the United States and account for substantial spending on the related consequences of infection.

What are the two main types of disease?

Diseases can be grouped into two types:communicable , which are caused by pathogens and can be transferred from one person to another, or from one organism to another – in humans these include measles, food poisoning and malaria.non-communicable , which are not transferred between people or other organisms.

What are the classification of infection?

The agents of infection can be divided into different groups on the basis of their size, biochemical characteristics, or manner in which they interact with the human host. The groups of organisms that cause infectious diseases are categorized as bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites.

What is infectious mean?

capable of causing infectionEnglish Language Learners Definition of infectious : capable of causing infection. : capable of being passed to someone else by germs that enter the body. : suffering from a disease that can be spread to other people by germs.

What’s the difference between infectious and contagious?

Infectious diseases are caused by microscopic germs (such as bacteria or viruses) that get into the body and cause problems. Some — but not all — infectious diseases spread directly from one person to another. Infectious diseases that spread from person to person are said to be contagious.

What are the categories of disease?

There are four main types of disease: infectious diseases, deficiency diseases, hereditary diseases (including both genetic diseases and non-genetic hereditary diseases), and physiological diseases. Diseases can also be classified in other ways, such as communicable versus non-communicable diseases.