Quick Answer: What Are Two Airborne Diseases?

Is Ebola still around in 2020?

On 18 November 2020, the Minister of Health of the Democratic Republic of the Congo declared the end of the Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) outbreak in Equateur Province..

How did Ebola start?

Scientists do not know where Ebola virus comes from. However, based on the nature of similar viruses, they believe the virus is animal-borne, with bats or nonhuman primates (chimpanzees, apes, monkeys, etc.) being the most likely source.

Is the common cold an airborne virus?

“Some cold viruses are carried in airborne droplets from coughs and sneezes, but the most common cause of the common cold is most commonly spread with objects or hands contaminated by the nasal secretions by someone who is infected.

Is Ebola an airborne disease?

Ebola virus disease is not transmitted through the air and does not spread through casual contact, such as being near an infected person.

How do germs get inside your body?

Germs can get into the body through the mouth, nose, breaks in the skin, eyes and genitals (privates). Once disease-causing germs are inside the body they can stop it from working properly. They may breed very quickly and in a very short time a small number of germs can become millions.

What are the 3 main ways infection can get into the body?

This is the way that the pathogen enters the body of the potential host. Pathogens can enter the body by coming into contact with broken skin, being breathed in or eaten, coming into contact with the eyes, nose and mouth or, for example when needles or catheters are inserted.

Is the normal flu airborne?

People with flu can spread it to others up to about 6 feet away. Most experts think that flu viruses spread mainly by droplets made when people with flu cough, sneeze or talk. These droplets can land in the mouths or noses of people who are nearby or possibly be inhaled into the lungs.

Is flu airborne or droplet?

Experts believe that the flu is primarily spread through the droplets released when an infected person sneezes, coughs, or speaks. These droplets land in the mouths or noses of people nearby. Or, less commonly, a person might touch a surface contaminated with them, then touching his or her own face.

What are some airborne viruses?

Types of Airborne VirusesRhinoviruses3 (cause common cold symptoms, but are not the only viruses that cause colds)Influenza viruses (type A, type B, H1N1)Varicella viruses (cause chickenpox)Measles virus.Mumps virus.Hantavirus (a rare virus that can be transmitted from rodents to humans)4Viral meningitis.More items…•Mar 6, 2020

What are 2 ways diseases are transmitted?

There are two types of contact transmission: direct and indirect. Direct contact transmission occurs when there is physical contact between an infected person and a susceptible person. Indirect contact transmission occurs when there is no direct human-to-human contact.

What diseases are spread through bodily fluids?

Examples of diseases spread through blood or other body fluids:hepatitis B – blood, saliva, semen and vaginal fluids.hepatitis C – blood.human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection – blood, semen and vaginal fluids, breastmilk.cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection – saliva, semen and vaginal fluids, urine, etc.More items…

How long are viruses contagious?

Most people will be infectious for around 2 weeks. Symptoms are usually worse during the first 2 to 3 days, and this is when you’re most likely to spread the virus.

Was Ebola virus a pandemic?

Since its discovery in 1976, the majority of cases and outbreaks of Ebola Virus Disease have occurred in Africa. The 2014-2016 Ebola outbreak in West Africa began in a rural setting of southeastern Guinea, spread to urban areas and across borders within weeks, and became a global epidemic within months.