Quick Answer: What Countries Have High Tuberculosis?

What countries are most affected by tuberculosis?

In 2019, the 30 high TB burden countries accounted for 87% of new TB cases.

Eight countries account for two thirds of the total, with India leading the count, followed by Indonesia, China, the Philippines, Pakistan, Nigeria, Bangladesh and South Africa..

Where is TB most commonly found in the world?

Worldwide, TB is most common in Africa, the West Pacific, and Eastern Europe. These regions are plagued with factors that contribute to the spread of TB, including the presence of limited resources, HIV infection, and multidrug-resistant (MDR) TB.

How do you prevent yourself from getting tuberculosis?

Stop the Spread of TBTake all of your medicines as they’re prescribed, until your doctor takes you off them.Keep all your doctor appointments.Always cover your mouth with a tissue when you cough or sneeze. … Wash your hands after coughing or sneezing.Don’t visit other people and don’t invite them to visit you.More items…•Dec 16, 2020

What age group is most affected by tuberculosis?

Historical data suggest that the risk of infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis is highest during adolescence and young adulthood, and that between the ages of 12 and 24 years there may also be a transient increase in the risk of progression to disease after infection compared with children or older adults [5, 6].

Where does tuberculosis come from?

tuberculosis was originated in East Africa about 3 million years ago. A growing pool of evidence suggests that the current strains of M. tuberculosis is originated from a common ancestor around 20,000 – 15,000 years ago.

Can you get TB from kissing?

You cannot get TB germs from: Saliva shared from kissing. TB is NOT spread through shaking someone’s hand, sharing food, touching bed linens or toilet seats, or sharing toothbrushes.

Is there a cure for tuberculosis in 2020?

TB disease is curable. It is treated by standard 6 month course of 4 antibiotics. Common drugs include rifampicin and isoniazid.

How many people died in 2019 in the world?

NOTE: All 2020 and later data are UN projections and DO NOT include any impacts of the COVID-19 virus. Chart and table of the World death rate from 1950 to 2021….World Death Rate 1950-2021.World – Historical Death Rate DataYearDeath RateGrowth Rate20197.5790.440%20187.546-0.320%20177.570-0.320%69 more rows

What causes TB in humans?

Tuberculosis (TB) is caused by a bacterium called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The bacteria usually attack the lungs, but TB bacteria can attack any part of the body such as the kidney, spine, and brain. Not everyone infected with TB bacteria becomes sick.

Which 5 countries are least affected by TB?

TB low burden countries Canada, the United States of America, Australia & New Zealand also have among the lowest rates. In these countries the incident rate is less than 10 cases per 100,000 population per year.

What country has the most TB deaths?

Tuberculosis1Timor-Leste195.702Guinea-Bissau157.413Somalia130.734Angola129.425Nigeria128.71156 more rows

Who is at high risk for tuberculosis?

Persons who have been Recently Infected with TB Bacteria Persons who have immigrated from areas of the world with high rates of TB. Children less than 5 years of age who have a positive TB test. Groups with high rates of TB transmission, such as homeless persons, injection drug users, and persons with HIV infection.

Did anyone survive TB in the 1800s?

By the dawn of the 19th century, tuberculosis—or consumption—had killed one in seven of all people that had ever lived. Throughout much of the 1800s, consumptive patients sought “the cure” in sanatoriums, where it was believed that rest and a healthful climate could change the course of the disease.

How was TB cured?

TB can usually be completely cured by the person with TB taking a combination of TB drugs. The only time that TB may not be curable is when the person has drug resistant TB.

What is the mortality rate of tuberculosis?

The TB mortality rate (i.e. TB deaths among HIV-negative people per 100 000 population per year) is falling at about 3% per year, and the overall reduction in the period 2000–2017 was 42%. Worldwide, the TB incidence rate is falling at about 2% per year.