Quick Answer: Which Country Has The Most TB Cases?

Which 5 countries are least affected by TB?

TB low burden countries Canada, the United States of America, Australia & New Zealand also have among the lowest rates.

In these countries the incident rate is less than 10 cases per 100,000 population per year..

How long does TB last?

TB bacteria die very slowly. It takes at least 6 months for the medicines to kill all the TB bacteria. You will probably start feeling well after only a few weeks of treatment.

Where did TB originally come from?

TB in humans can be traced back to 9,000 years ago in Atlit Yam, a city now under the Mediterranean Sea, off the coast of Israel. Archeologists found TB in the remains of a mother and child buried together. The earliest written mentions of TB were in India (3,300 years ago) and China (2,300 years ago).

Where does tuberculosis come from?

tuberculosis was originated in East Africa about 3 million years ago. A growing pool of evidence suggests that the current strains of M. tuberculosis is originated from a common ancestor around 20,000 – 15,000 years ago.

What is the fastest way to cure TB?

The usual treatment is:2 antibiotics (isoniazid and rifampicin) for 6 months.2 additional antibiotics (pyrazinamide and ethambutol) for the first 2 months of the 6-month treatment period.

How can Tuberculosis be avoided?

Stop the Spread of TBTake all of your medicines as they’re prescribed, until your doctor takes you off them.Keep all your doctor appointments.Always cover your mouth with a tissue when you cough or sneeze. … Wash your hands after coughing or sneezing.Don’t visit other people and don’t invite them to visit you.More items…•Dec 16, 2020

Where is Tuberculosis most commonly found in the world?

Worldwide, TB is most common in Africa, the West Pacific, and Eastern Europe. These regions are plagued with factors that contribute to the spread of TB, including the presence of limited resources, HIV infection, and multidrug-resistant (MDR) TB. (See Epidemiology.)

What countries have high tuberculosis?

Top 10 countries with TB patientsIndia.Indonesia.South Africa.Bangladesh.Ethiopia.Pakistan.

Why is tuberculosis most common in Africa?

The unprecedented growth of the tuberculosis epidemic in Africa is attributable to several factors, the most important being the HIV epidemic. Although HIV is Africa’s leading cause of death, tuberculosis is the most common coexisting condition in people who die from AIDS (see radiograph).

What country has the most TB deaths?

Tuberculosis1Timor-Leste195.702Guinea-Bissau157.413Somalia130.734Angola129.425Nigeria128.71156 more rows

Is there a cure for tuberculosis in 2020?

TB disease is curable. It is treated by standard 6 month course of 4 antibiotics. Common drugs include rifampicin and isoniazid.

WHO TB high risk countries?

The 30 TB HBCs (those in all 3 lists in bold) are: Angola, Bangladesh, Brazil, Cambodia, China, Congo, Central African Republic, DPR Korea, DR Congo, Ethiopia, India, Indonesia, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nigeria, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Russian Federation, Sierra Leone, …

What is the mortality rate of tuberculosis?

The TB mortality rate (i.e. TB deaths among HIV-negative people per 100 000 population per year) is falling at about 3% per year, and the overall reduction in the period 2000–2017 was 42%. Worldwide, the TB incidence rate is falling at about 2% per year.