What Are The Four Stages Of A New Infectious Disease Quizlet?

What is the infectious disease process?

The Infectious Disease Process.

[last update 11/24/03] The infectious disease process includes the following components: (1) agent (2) reservoir (3) portals of entry and exit (4) mode of transmission (5) immunity.

Types of agents range from the submicroscopic to the large parasites..

What are re emerging infectious diseases?

Re-emerging infectious diseases are diseases that once were major health problems globally or in a particular country, and then declined dramatically, but are again becoming health problems for a significant proportion of the population (malaria and tuberculosis are examples).

What stage of infection is most communicable?

In some cases, a person is contagious during the incubation period, while in others the person is not contagious until the illness begins. The amount of time a child remains contagious depends on the infection and the child. Young children are often contagious for longer than older children.

Which stage may also be called the incubation period?

While latent or latency period may be synonymous, a distinction is sometimes made between incubation period, the period between infection and onset of the disease, and latent period, the time from infection to infectiousness.

What are the major classifications of infectious diseases?

The groups of organisms that cause infectious diseases are categorized as bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites.

What are the five signs of infection?

Know the Signs and Symptoms of InfectionFever (this is sometimes the only sign of an infection).Chills and sweats.Change in cough or a new cough.Sore throat or new mouth sore.Shortness of breath.Nasal congestion.Stiff neck.Burning or pain with urination.More items…

What are the five stages of infectious disease quizlet?

Terms in this set (5)incubation period. (1) silence stage time between infection and the appearence of signs and symptoms of the disease.prodromal phase. (2) pathogens begin to invade tissues.invasive phase. … decline phase. … convalescence phase.

What is the final stage of the infectious process?

Convalescence. The final stage of infection is known as convalescence. During this stage, symptoms resolve, and a person can return to their normal functions.

What is the most difficult disease to diagnose?

Conditions That Are Hard to Diagnose1 / 14. Irritable Bowel Syndrome. This condition causes pain in your belly area and changes in bathroom habits that last at least 3 months. … 2 / 14. Celiac Disease. … 3 / 14. Appendicitis. … 4 / 14. Hyperthyroidism. … 5 / 14. Hypothyroidism. … 6 / 14. Sleep Apnea. … 7 / 14. Lyme Disease. … 8 / 14. Fibromyalgia.More items…

What is the incubation period quizlet?

Incubation Period. The incubation period is the interval between the pathogens invasion of the body and the appearance of symptoms of infection. Incubation periods can vary. Prodromal Stage. A person is most infectious during the prodromal stage.

What is the term used to describe symptoms that persist over a long period?

Chronic. Pertaining to disease symptoms that persist over a long time.

What can I expect from an infectious disease doctor?

The role of an infectious disease specialist is to review a patient’s medical data, including records, X-rays and laboratory reports. They may perform a physical examination, depending on the type of problem. Laboratory studies are often necessary and may include blood studies and cultures of wounds or body fluids.

What is a characteristic of the convalescence stage of illness?

Convalescence is the gradual recovery of health and strength after illness or injury. It refers to the later stage of an infectious disease or illness when the patient recovers and returns to previous health, but may continue to be a source of infection to others even if feeling better.

What are the 3 stages of sepsis?

There are three stages of sepsis: sepsis, severe sepsis, and septic shock.

What are 5 common types of infectious diseases?

Common Infectious DiseasesChickenpox.Common cold.Diphtheria.E. coli.Giardiasis.HIV/AIDS.Infectious mononucleosis.Influenza (flu)More items…

What are the four stages of infectious disease?

The periods of disease include the incubation period, the prodromal period, the period of illness, the period of decline, and the period of convalescence. These periods are marked by changes in the number of infectious agents and the severity of signs and symptoms.

What are the stages of infection quizlet?

Terms in this set (5)Incubation. Pathogens enter body, multiply until signs/symptoms appear.Prodromal. Signs and symptoms begin develop, pathogens continue to multiply, can be contagious.Acute. Greatest development, very contagious.Recovery. Apparent recovery from illness.Decline. S/s start to decline.

What are the five major causes of infectious diseases?

CausesBacteria. These one-cell organisms are responsible for illnesses such as strep throat, urinary tract infections and tuberculosis.Viruses. Even smaller than bacteria, viruses cause a multitude of diseases ranging from the common cold to AIDS.Fungi. … Parasites.Jul 17, 2019

Why would you see an infectious disease doctor?

Your doctor may refer you to an infectious disease specialist if the infection is difficult to diagnose, accompanied by a high fever or does not respond to treatment.

What are the stages of infection cycle?

For bacteria to successfully cause disease they must pass through several stages of infection: colonisation, invasion, proliferation and transmission. Whilst in the body, bacteria must also evade constant attack from the immune system.

What are the three phases of infection process?

The nature of the host-parasite interaction established is determined by the genotypes of the host and the pathogen and is influenced by the environment. It is convenient to divide the infection process into the three phases of pre= entry (or prepenetration), entry and colonisation.