What Fluid Filled Spaces Does The Septum Pellucidum Divide?

What is cavum septum pellucidum et Vergae?

The cavum vergae (CV), along with the cavum septum pellucidum (CSP) that lies immediately anterior to it, is a persistence of the embryological fluid-filled space between the leaflets of the septum pellucidum and is a common anatomical variant.

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What does absence of septum pellucidum mean?

Specifically, a thin membrane called the septum pellucidum is missing from its normal position in the middle of the brain. When it is missing, symptoms may include learning difficulties, behavioral changes, seizures , and changes in vision. Absence of the septum pellucidum is not typically seen as an isolated finding.

Can a person be born without a corpus callosum?

Very occasionally, a person will be born without a corpus callosum. This is known as agenesis of the corpus callosum, and it causes a wide variety of physical and behavioral symptoms.

Which passageway connects the third and fourth ventricles?

The third ventricle is connected to the fourth ventricle via the cerebral aqueduct (also called the aqueduct of Sylvius).

What does Cavum mean?

Medical Definition of cavum : an anatomical recess or hollow: as. a : the lower part of the concha of the ear adjoining the origin of the helix.

What is corpus callosum?

The corpus callosum is the primary commissural region of the brain consisting of white matter tracts that connect the left and right cerebral hemispheres.

What does septum pellucidum separate?

The septum pellucidum (meaning translucent wall in Latin – SP), also known as the ventricle of Sylvius, is a thin, triangular double membrane separating the frontal horns of the right and left lateral ventricles of the brain.

What is the function of the septum pellucidum in the brain?

The septum pellucidum acts as a partition between a portion of the lateral ventricles, forming part of the walls of the anterior region of the lateral ventricles.

What does CSP mean on an ultrasound?

Cavum septi pellucidiCavum septi pellucidi (CSP) is an important landmark in the prenatal ultrasound evaluation of the fetal brain, and is a marker for normal central forebrain development.

What is de Morsier syndrome?

Septo-optic dysplasia (SOD), known also as de Morsier syndrome, is a rare congenital malformation syndrome that features a combination of the underdevelopment of the optic nerve, pituitary gland dysfunction, and absence of the septum pellucidum (a midline part of the brain).

What causes CSP?

The cause of CSP is basically unknown, although it is thought that prenatal alcohol exposure plays a significant role.