What Is The Leading Infectious Disease?

What are the 5 most common infectious diseases?

Common Infectious DiseasesChickenpox.Common cold.Diphtheria.E.

coli.Giardiasis.HIV/AIDS.Infectious mononucleosis.Influenza (flu)More items….

How long do viral infections last?

Still, if things don’t improve after about 10 days — or if your symptoms are severe — see a doctor. It’s possible that you’ve developed a sinus infection and need antibiotics. What can I do to feel better? A viral infection usually lasts only a week or two.

Which country has the most infectious diseases?

The countries with the highest incidence rates of tuberculosis include India, China, Indonesia, and the Philippines. In India alone tuberculosis was responsible for around 440,000 deaths in 2018….Prevalence of diagnosed infectious diseases in selected countries as of 2019.Percentage of adult population—-4 more rows•Mar 3, 2020

How many deaths are caused by infectious diseases?

Infectious diseases kill over 17 million people a year: WHO warns of global crisis.

What are 3 communicable diseases?

Some examples of the communicable disease include HIV, hepatitis A, B and C, measles, salmonella, measles, and blood-borne illnesses. Most common forms of spread include fecal-oral, food, sexual intercourse, insect bites, contact with contaminated fomites, droplets, or skin contact.

What are the four major types of germs?

The four major types of germs are bacteria, viruses, fungi, and protozoa. They can invade plants, animals, and people, and sometimes they can make us sick. Bacteria (say: BAK-teer-ee-uh) are tiny, one-celled creatures that get nutrients from their environments in order to live.

What are the 4 types of infectious diseases?

There are different types of pathogens, but we’re going to focus on the four most common types: viruses, bacteria, fungi, and parasites.

What are the 7 killer diseases?

7 Deadliest Diseases in History: Where are they now?The Black Death: Bubonic Plague. … The Speckled Monster: Smallpox. … Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) … Avian Influenza: Not Just One For The Birds. … Ebola: On The Radar Again. … Leprosy: A Feared Disease That Features In The Old Testament. … Polio: The Most Dreaded Childhood Disease Of The 1940-50s.Jun 8, 2020

What are the 5 communicable diseases?

HIV, tuberculosis, malaria,neglected tropical diseases and viral hepatitis affect billions of people around the world, and cause more than 4 million deaths each year. .

What are 20 communicable diseases?

Communicable diseasesInfluenza. Norovirus. Mumps. Tuberculosis.Pertussis. Zika virus. West Nile virus.Ebola. Chikungunya virus. Coronavirus (COVID-19)

What is the most deadliest disease?

The deadliest disease in the world is coronary artery disease (CAD). Also called ischemic heart disease, CAD occurs when the blood vessels that supply blood to the heart become narrowed. Untreated CAD can lead to chest pain, heart failure, and arrhythmias.

What disease has no cure?

Progeria – Progeria has no cure and a very small amount of treatments. However, there is a medicine in the making that is undergoing testing and trials that may lead to a cure. The disorder usually leads to death at a young age. Polio – While there is a vaccine to prevent polio, there is no cure for it.

What is the leading infectious disease in the US?

Viral hepatitis, influenza, and tuberculosis (TB) remain among the leading causes of illness and death in the United States and account for substantial spending on the related consequences of infection.

What are the major infectious diseases?

Here’s a look at some of the worst of these infections, from ebola and dengue to the more recent SARS, the new coronavirus and Zika virus.The new coronavirus. (Image credit: Shutterstock) … Smallpox. (Image credit: CDC/ World Health Organization; Stanley O. … Plague. … Malaria. … Influenza. … Tuberculosis. … HIV/AIDS. … Cholera.More items…•Feb 10, 2020

How can you protect yourself from infectious diseases?

Learn these healthy habits to protect yourself from disease and prevent germs and infectious diseases from spreading.Handle & Prepare Food Safely. … Wash Hands Often. … Clean & Disinfect Commonly Used Surfaces. … Cough & Sneeze Into Your Sleeve. … Don’t Share Personal Items. … Get Vaccinated. … Avoid Touching Wild Animals.More items…

What are the six killer diseases?

These six are the target diseases of WHO’s Expanded Programme on Immuni- zation (EPI), and of UNICEF’s Univer- sal Childhood Immunization (UCI); measles, poliomyelitis, diphtheria, pertussis (whooping cough), tetanus and tuberculosis.

What viruses are contagious?

Common examples of contagious viral diseases include the flu, the common cold, HIV, and herpes. Other types of viral diseases spread through other means, such as the bite of an infected insect.

What are the 10 most common diseases?

Heart disease. Share on Pinterest Many of the top 10 causes of death are preventable through lifestyle changes and regular checkups. … Cancer. Deaths in 2017: 599,108. … Unintentional injuries. … Chronic lower respiratory disease. … Stroke and cerebrovascular diseases. … Alzheimer’s disease. … Diabetes. … Influenza and pneumonia.More items…

What are the 5 major types of infectious agents?

There are five major types of infectious agents: bacteria, viruses, fungi, protozoa, and helminths. In addition, a new class of infectious agents, the prions, has recently been recognized.

What are the top 3 communicable diseases?

List of Communicable Diseases2019-nCoV.CRE.Ebola.Enterovirus D68.Flu.Hantavirus.Hepatitis A.Hepatitis B.More items…

What are most infectious diseases caused by?

Infectious diseases can be caused by:Bacteria. These one-cell organisms are responsible for illnesses such as strep throat, urinary tract infections and tuberculosis.Viruses. Even smaller than bacteria, viruses cause a multitude of diseases ranging from the common cold to AIDS.Fungi. … Parasites.Jul 17, 2019