What Is The Most Common Communicable Disease?

Which communicable disease are most difficult to block the spread of?

In some diseases, such as leprosy, HIV, or typhoid, it may be very difficult to prevent transmission, because people may be asymptomatic carriers who are themselves unaware that they are infected and infectious to others.

No methods are available to prevent infection with M..

Is Ebola a communicable disease?

Is Ebola contagious? Ebola is contagious. The virus spreads through direct contact (via broken skin or mucous membranes, in the nose, mouth, or eyes). Blood or body fluids from infected individuals are capable of causing infection in others.

What is the rarest disease on Earth?

RPI deficiency According to the Journal of Molecular Medicine, Ribose-5 phosphate isomerase deficiency, or RPI Deficinecy, is the rarest disease in the world with MRI and DNA analysis providing only one case in history.

What viruses are contagious?

Common examples of contagious viral diseases include the flu, the common cold, HIV, and herpes. Other types of viral diseases spread through other means, such as the bite of an infected insect.

What are the 10 most common diseases?

Heart disease. Share on Pinterest Many of the top 10 causes of death are preventable through lifestyle changes and regular checkups. … Cancer. Deaths in 2017: 599,108. … Unintentional injuries. … Chronic lower respiratory disease. … Stroke and cerebrovascular diseases. … Alzheimer’s disease. … Diabetes. … Influenza and pneumonia.More items…

What are the 5 most common infectious diseases?

Common Infectious DiseasesChickenpox.Common cold.Diphtheria.E. coli.Giardiasis.HIV/AIDS.Infectious mononucleosis.Influenza (flu)More items…

What are the 5 communicable diseases?

HIV, tuberculosis, malaria,neglected tropical diseases and viral hepatitis affect billions of people around the world, and cause more than 4 million deaths each year. .

Who is at risk of communicable diseases?

The risk of communicable diseases is associated primarily with the size and characteristics of the displaced population: specifically, the amount and availability of safe water and functioning latrines; the nutritional status of the displaced population; the level of immunity to vaccine-preventable diseases such as …

What are the main causes of communicable diseases?

Communicable, or infectious diseases, are caused by microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, parasites and fungi that can be spread, directly or indirectly, from one person to another. Some are transmitted through bites from insects while others are caused by ingesting contaminated food or water.

What are the 7 killer diseases?

7 Deadliest Diseases in History: Where are they now?The Black Death: Bubonic Plague. … The Speckled Monster: Smallpox. … Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) … Avian Influenza: Not Just One For The Birds. … Ebola: On The Radar Again. … Leprosy: A Feared Disease That Features In The Old Testament. … Polio: The Most Dreaded Childhood Disease Of The 1940-50s.Jun 8, 2020

Which disease has no cure?

cancer. dementia, including Alzheimer’s disease. advanced lung, heart, kidney and liver disease. stroke and other neurological diseases, including motor neurone disease and multiple sclerosis.

What diseases can be cured?

5 Diseases That May Be Cured Within Our LifetimeHIV/AIDS. The Human Immunodeficiency Virus, or HIV, was only discovered mere decades ago. … Alzheimer’s Disease. Alzheimer’s affects nearly 5.7 million Americans who struggle with varying stages of dementia. … Cancer. Cancer refers to the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells in the body. … Cystic Fibrosis. … Heart Disease.Feb 25, 2019

What is the most common disease in the world?

The world’s biggest killer is ischaemic heart disease, responsible for 16% of the world’s total deaths. Since 2000, the largest increase in deaths has been for this disease, rising by more than 2 million to 8.9 million deaths in 2019.

How do communicable diseases affect the world?

Communicable diseases remain a major global public health threat worldwide. For example, malaria and HIV/AIDS are mass killers, with the populations in poor countries being hit the hardest. In addition, rapidly developing microbial resistance has led to a new dimension of threat posed by infectious disease.

What are the 4 types of communicable diseases?

Communicable diseasesInfluenza. Norovirus. Mumps. Tuberculosis.Pertussis. Zika virus. West Nile virus.Ebola. Chikungunya virus. Coronavirus (COVID-19)

What are 3 communicable diseases?

Some examples of the communicable disease include HIV, hepatitis A, B and C, measles, salmonella, measles, and blood-borne illnesses. Most common forms of spread include fecal-oral, food, sexual intercourse, insect bites, contact with contaminated fomites, droplets, or skin contact.

What’s the worst disease in history?

Outbreak: 10 of the Worst Pandemics in History By StaffFlu Pandemic (1918) … Sixth Cholera Pandemic (1910-1911) … Flu Pandemic (1889-1890) … Third Cholera Pandemic (1852–1860) … The Black Death (1346-1353) … Plague of Justinian (541-542) … Antonine Plague (165 AD) … *New Coronavirus & Public Health Articles*More items…

What are the 6 types of diseases?

6 infectious disease types that continue to burden USRima F. … Vaccine preventable diseases.HAIs.Zoonotic and vector-borne diseases.Foodborne illness.HIV and STIs.Chronic hepatitis.For more information:Jul 12, 2014

What are the top 3 communicable diseases?

List of Communicable Diseases2019-nCoV.CRE.Ebola.Enterovirus D68.Flu.Hantavirus.Hepatitis A.Hepatitis B.More items…