The era of McCarthyism refers to the period in which America was influences by communist Ideals in the 1950’s. Joseph McCarthy, a republican senator feared these changes and charged politicians with communist sympathy/bias to attack a number of people, with little to no evidence with some accusations kept from the accused. Under these social conditions Arthur Miller wrote The Crucible. Miller critique’s these events by comparing it to the Salem witch trials, incorporating the manipulation of power through archetypal characters. The play he wrote is relevant to the events of the 1950s however if the text was written in the 1690s how would the text be different in the midst of the fanaticism and paranoia of the Massachusetts Salem Witch Trials.