The figure illustrates the development of per capita income from the beginning of recorded human history to the present

The figure illustrates the development of per capita income from the beginning of recorded human history to the present. Till the 1800s, the income per person remained almost constant and followed the Malthusian Trap. Thus, for most of recorded human history, real income per capita did not rise and average living standards in 18th century in England were not much higher than those in the ancient times. But after the Industrial Revolution, new, improved technology allowed food production to hugely increase which subsequently resulted in a continuous upward trend in the population and per capita income. Therefore, the Malthusian Trap break was broken after the 1800s.