The global diamond trade has many economical, social, and environmental factors that deeply impact our earth’s geography. Diamonds form from carbon crystals in the state of extreme pressure deep within the earth’s mantle.
Diamond mines have taken place in Canada, Russia, Brazil, Australia, and many other countries in southern and west Africa. Due to the controversy of conflict diamonds, otherwise known as “blood diamonds”, it is now more common to trade diamonds amongst Canada and Australia because of their better economical conditions. In Africa, diamonds are found in Botswana, Angola, Sierra Leone, Democratic Republic of Congo, South Africa and Tanzania, Nambia. Africa is known as mineral rich continent but diamonds from some of these African countries are noticed as conflict diamonds since the money is used to fund civil wars and other human rights violations. Sierra Leone and Angola are notorious for this.