The social media has become one of the most important communication means in recent times. However, social networking exist so as to provide communication among people regardless of the distance, making it open to people easily sharing information, files and pictures and videos, create blogs and send messages, and conduct real-time conversations. These systems are referred to as social, simply because they allow communication with buddies and coworkers so easily and effectively. It also strengthens the ties between people of those systems. The favorite in the realm of internet sites are Facebook, Twitter and others. These websites and social forums are way of communication directly with other people socially and in media. They are playing a large and influential role decision-making in the occasions from the global world economically, politically, socially and educationally. The driving factors for adoption of social media are the progressively ubiquitous access, convenience, functionality, and flexibility of social technologies . Moreover, The use of technology in education has proven to be too invaluable and has created many opportunities for both a student and a teacher. Teachers have found innovative ways to integrate technology into a classroom and the students are more inquisitive about learning through technology. The use of technology has also eliminated barriers and boundaries that existed before as students and teachers can collaborate with others from different geographical areas. It has also facilitated long distance learning and has enabled teachers to reach students from different places of the world. Many higher learning institutions have embraced technology and have created online virtual classrooms. However, there has been various overview and opinions which recognized the advantages and disadvantages of social media and gadgets use in higher education.
Firstly, the advantages of using Social media in the higher education is Social Media in this 21st century has became a familiar tools for the younger generation. Most of the students are already on the Social networking platform and this would be more convenient for them as well as the teachers to use this platform more a better learning skills. The platform of this social media also helps the students to enhance their communication level as they can communicate with their friends and other anytime and at anywhere, as it is not necessary to communicate face to face. Moving on, by using the Social media they can also send reminders, post about their assignments, notes and also organizing Group studies. Using the Social media this all can be done in a finger tips and being able to find information online is a skill that is now important in the workplace, one that can be taught through lessons designed around social media platforms. The Social Media can also be used as a media to share information. For example, the sites like “Facebook” can be used to create a class group and the students can share or drop any information needed among themselves. It would be much efficient rather than sending to every single person. As discussed above, the social media is easily accessible as now days everyone is walking around with their smartphones, so the usage on this Social media in higher learning among the students will be very comfortable and this also helps the groups of students who are very shy to engaged themselves within the rest. When group or other activities are held using the social media this would make it more fun. The social media also provides ample of information for the students as it also very common for the students to use the site” Google” to get informations. Provided there are the few advantages on using the social media for higher educations but it also depends on how the students uses the platform.
Next, the disadvantages of using the social media in higher education among students are distractions. The usage of social media will be distractions for the students because when they open to download documents they might used the media for longer period doing inappropriate things which also wasting time. Social media can also be limiting face-to-face communication, as if a balance is not maintained, then too much technological input can have a detrimental effect on social skills that students need to learn. Moving on, when social medias are used in class this can also leads that students will be using their gadgets in class without any controls and again as discussed above this can be a source distractions. They tend to be very dependent on the social medias instead of finding informations on the books. It can also be a source of inappropriate content sharing or exposure as it is important for the students to be protected from inappropriate contents, as it is necessary to monitor what are they doing with the social media. It is proven that many students will use the social media for a wrong reason. Social media’s can also be the possibilities of malware and virus infections, as Social networks are now a breeding ground for scam artists to lure both children and adults to exchange personal information or in order to gain access to a computer network. Educational establishments need to be aware of this risk and monitor their usage accordingly.