This religion is polytheistic because many deities seem associated with nature

This religion is polytheistic because many deities seem associated with nature. During the reign of the Shang kings, there was a highest God, above deified humans’ deities of the local environment, royal ancestors, and gods and goddesses of the cosmic forces. This highest God was Shangdi the Lord-of-High. He was understood as a masculine deity who ruled over important phenomena such as; weather, crops, battles, and the king’s health. During the Zhou dynasty, the focus shifted from Shangdi to Tian, a more impersonal power controlling the universe. Though typically translated as “Heaven,” the character Tian has also been translated as “Supreme Ultimate” and “One above man.”