TITLE

TITLE:
The Level of Performance of Grade 8 students in Oriental Mindoro Academy in the correct usage of Punctuation Marks.
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM:
This study aimed to determine the Level of Performance of Grade 8 students in Oriental Mindoro Academy in the correct usage of Punctuation Marks.
1. What is the level of Performance of Grade 8 students in Oriental Mindoro Academy in the correct usage of Punctuation Marks?
2. Is there a significant difference in the Level of Performance of Grade 8 students in the correct usage of Punctuation Marks in terms of:
3. There is no significant difference between the Level of Performance of Grade 8 students in the correct usage of Punctuation Marks.
Question Mark (?)
Period (.)
2.3 Comma (,)
2.4 Exclamation point (!)
BACKGROUND OF STUDY
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global ligua franca. English may not be the most spoken language in the world, but it is the official language in a large number of countries. It is estimated that the number of people in the world that use in English to communicate on a regular basis is 2 billion!
Marks of punctuation play very important role in giving intended meaning to the language. Use of wrong mark of punctuation or even wrong placement of mark of punctuation can change the meaning of the sentence completely and sometimes even convert the sentence to complete nonsense. Punctuation marks are symbols that are used to aid the clarity and comprehension of written language. Some common punctuation marks are the period, comma, question mark, exclamation point, apostrophe, quotation mark and hyphen. Punctuation marks are used for sentences with high or extreme emotions, feelings and expressions. Different sentence have punctuation mark to easily determine the expression of it. There is important, because without punctuation marks we would not be able to determine the strong feeling of a written sentence or words.
Marks of punctuation play very important role in giving intended meaning to the language. Use of wrong mark of punctuation or even wrong placement of mark of punctuation can change the meaning of the sentence completely and sometimes even convert the sentence to complete nonsense. Punctuation marks are symbols that are used to aid the clarity and comprehension of written language. Some common punctuation marks are the period, comma, question mark, exclamation point, apostrophe, quotation mark and hyphen. Punctuation marks are used for sentences with high or extreme emotions, feelings and expressions. Different sentence have punctuation mark to easily determine the expression of it. There is important, because without punctuation marks we would not be able to determine the strong feeling of a written sentence or words.
Punctuation marks are very important also in every student. Because it can be a big help to them also in Grammar. Punctuation marks are symbols used to emphasize certain emotions in a sentence and serve as the end of it.
Punctuation and capitalization are basic, surface features of written communication. However, it was not until the nineteenth century that authorities recognized that punctuation marks should be primarily an integral part of the sentence pattern, not an indicator of pauses. Throughout the literature on punctuation two major purposes recur–to bring together and to separate. More recently, five major purposes for punctuation have been identified: to terminate and separate, to combine and separate, to introduce, to enclose, and to indicate omission. Generally, the rules for punctuation and capitalization are relatively standardized. Because of the large number of rules, however, errors can be expected–even among good writers. For most writers, the smaller set of rules that they know may be sufficient for adequate written communication. Nevertheless, sentence fragments, run-on sentences, and the punctuation of relative clauses are three problems that occur frequently. A review of the literature reveals that very little research has been conducted in the teaching of mechanics. Generally, introduction to mechanics begins with instruction in the rules, followed by mispunctuated or unpunctuated sentences that illustrate the need for appropriate punctuation. Whereas many people suggest teaching mechanics functionally–when students need it–they rarely have any suggestions about how to do this.
This research aimed to determine the Level of Performance of Grade 8 students in the correct usage of Punctuation marks. Also to be able to enhance their capability in using the correct usage of Punctuation marks. It can give the big help to all the students who are using for the grammar.
In Punctuation marks is one of the most important aspects in written English and yet it is one that is taken the most lightly. In fact this feauture in writing that gives meaning for the written words. Also for the grammar or in a sentence much like pauses and changes in tones of the voice when we speak. An error in Punctuation can convey a completely different meaning to the one is intended. And that it can have a big help also for student who work be it an article, blog, email or any other written material. And that any flow or mission in the use of Punctuation marks which convey the totally different meaning to the reader.

SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The result of the study would be benificial to the following groups of people:
Students- The result would give them an opportunity to reflect the status of their using Punctuation Marks which have the ability to become actively participate for the intervention program of implement by the teacher to improve their performance in using correct usage of Punctuation marks.
Parents- Awareness of their children’s performance in using the correct usage of Punctuation Marks could serve us their basis to provide their necessary support to their children and work it with the teachers to improve the skill or performance in using correct usage of Punctuation marks.
Teachers- Finding of the study are reveal to the students also in performance of using correct usage of Punctuation marks that should cause to used by the teachers as the developing to appropriate intervention to improve for their using Punctuation marks.

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Period (.)
The period is placed at the end of declarative sentences, statement thought to be complete and after many abbreviations.
As a sentence ender- Jane and Jack went to the market.
After an abbreviation- Her son, John Jones Jr. was born on Dec. 6,2008.

Exclamation Point (!)
Is used when a person wants to express a sudden outery or add emphasis.
Within dialogue- “Holy cow!” screamed Jane.
To emphasize a point- My mother-in-law rants make me furious!
Comma (,)
Is used to show a separation of ideas or elements within the structure of a sentence. Additionaly it is used in members,date letter writing after the salutation and closing.

Direct Address- Thank’s for all your help,John.
Separation of two complete sentences- Suzi wanted the black,green and blue dress.

Question Mark (?)
To indicate a direct question when placed at the end of a sentence.
When did jane leave for the market?

Review of Related Literature and Studies
This chapter presents a review of some definition of punctuation marks which have relevance to study.

Literature Review
In this study, the researcher shows the definition and theory in literature review. It have the write some definition of punctuation marks that taken from the some of Researcher.

English Punctuation
According to Jones (1994)”Punctuation as we consider it, can be defined as the central part of the range on non-lexical orthography.” Non-Lexical orthography it is the system of writing convention used to represent spoken English in written form. That allows readers to connect spelling to sound to meaning. Although arguments could be made for including the sub-lexical marks.

Writing
Writing is an outward expression of what is going on in the writer’s mind.”Writing is the visual medium through which graphical and grammatical system of a language is manifested.” Another statement in writing ability can be formed as teachers and philosophy of writing taken into consideration characteristics of learners and aims in a given contex.
However writing also can improve the grammatical and lexical accuracy in writing English. Writing skills are an important part of communication. In writing requires to know the factors that influence both its process and product.
Punctuation and capitalization are basic,surface features of written communication. However,it was not until the nineteenth century that authorities recognized that punctuation marks should be primarily an integral part of the sentencepattern,not an indicator or pauses. Throughout the literature on punctuation two major purposes are recure to ring together and to separate. More recently,five major purposes for punctuation have been identified to terminate and separate,to combine and separate,to introduce,to enclose,and to indicate.

Error Analysis
Errors are something usual done by the learners who are learning process.
They usually made many mistakes in writing process. Also to know the students difficulties in writing, the teacher required the investigation of the errors by analyzing the sources of errors. The one way to identify the student’s error analysis method.
According to Gass and Slinker the error analysis is a type of linguistic analysis which focus on the errors made by the learners. It starts from the learner production data. The comparison is between the learners error in producing the target language and the target language itself. There are some steps in the conducting an error analysis.
Collecting Data
Identify Errors
Classify Errors
Quantify Errors
Analyze Sources
Remediate

Mistakes and Error
Mistake and error has roughly the same meaning which is to analyze learners language and apply error analysis both have differences. Therefore, the researcher provides some definition of mistakes and error as here below:

Mistake are the division that occurs because of the influence of the situation in language learners.
Mistake are no significant to the process of language learning. However, the problem of determining what learner’s mistake is and what is learners error is one of the some difficulty and involves much more.

According to Brown, a mistake refers to a performance error that is either a random guess or a slip and that is a failure to utilize and known system correctly.
Mistake reflect occasional lapses in performance they occur because in particular instance the learner is unable to perform what he or she knows. From opinions above we can learn that mistake is caused by learner so that the mistake can be corrected by the learners so that the mistake can be corrected by the learners with concentrate.
Error
Knowing learner’s error will provide useful evidence of the system of the language.
For beginner learner certainly they do not understand how to learn language so the teachers are very active to help students with knowing errors made by learners and follow the development of learner’s toward to the purpose of learning language.
Ellis, stated that error reflect gap in learner’s knowledge which arises because the learner does not know what is correct. And meanwhile,brown explain error as an idiosyncrasies in the language of the of the learner that are direct a system within which is learner is operating at the time. An error is noticeable deviation from the native grammar to reflect the competence of the learner.
Error take place when learner has incorporated a particular erroneous from perspective target of language into his or her system. From the information above, we can know that error is the deviation that occurs because language learners do not understand the rules of the language learners do not understand the rules of the language it can be helped by the teacher who provide additional exercise.
Chapter III
RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
This chapter presents the research method, the respondents of the study, sampling technique, the research instrument, validation and reliability of the instrument,scaling and qualification, data gathering procedure and statistical treatment of data.
Research Method
This study made use of Descriptive-correlational and comparative Methods of research. Descriptive research is a purposive process of data gathering, analyzing, classifying and tabulating data about prevailing conditions, practices, beliefs processes,trends and cause effect relationships and adequate and accurate interpretation about such data with or without and of statistical treatment.
Correlational method describes the link between the different variables and tells that they are somehow related. It explains a mutual relationship between two variables.
Comparative method, on the other hand, provides an explanation about the extent of relationship between two or more variables. It examines the relationships including similarities of differences in the extent of factors affecting the correct usage of Punctuation Marks ability and the level of performance in correct usage of Punctuation Marks of Grade 8 students in Oriental Mindoro Academy.

Respondents of the Study
The respondents of the study were the Ninety Three (85) Grade 8 students.
Based on the correct usage of Punctuation marks results of our Grade 8 students, the students had low performance in spelling. To assess whether their performance improved,they were included as the respondents in the present study. The Ninety three respondents, a factor that is considered in choosing them as respondent. Moreover, the number of students in the grade level was also considered in selecting there level wherein in the population of 108 and above served as the basis of selection.

Formula: N=N/(1+Ne)
Where: n = sample size

N = population

e = margin of error
Computation:
N=N/(1+Ne)
N=108/(1+108(0.05) ^2 )
N=108/(1+108(0.0025))
N=108/(1+0.27)
N=108/1.27
N=85.03/85

Table A. Distribution of the Respondents from Grade 8 students
of Oriental Mindoro Academy.
Section Number of Students Sample Taken
Lyra 37 37 29
Lacerta 39 35 28
Lynx36 36 28
Total 108 85

Sampling Technique
Proportional Stratified Random Sampling technique was used in the study. Three section with the population of 100 and above were used as the basis for its stratum.

Research Instrument
The study used a self-made questionnaire. It was composed of two pages. It included the determinants of using correct usage of Punctuation Marks in the ability of the Grade 8 students in terms of using correct Punctuation Marks.
Validation of the Instrument
The questionnaire was subjected to content validation by experts who were comprised of one English master teacher from school. His comments and suggestions were considered in the revision of the questionnaire.

Data Gathering Procedures
Prior to data gathering, a request letter duly noted by the English teacher of Grade 8 students. The letter was forwarded to the principal of Oriental Mindoro Academy to allow the researcher to administer the questionnaire to the respondents. After collecting the answer sheets, it was checked by the researcher. The data collected were tallied, tabulated and treated using appropriate statistical tools.

Statistical Treatment of the Data

Chapter IV
PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF DATA

This chapter includes the interpretation of the data gathered from the respondents.
Extend of the Determinants of correct usage of Punctuation Marks in the ability of the Grade 8 students in Terms of:
Reading Habit

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